The most tragic such incident occurred on 15 November 1991, when the JRM light frigate Split fired a small number of shells at the city and its surroundings. Torcida Split is the oldest fan group in Europe est. [45], The above two groups are distinct, in the Mediterranean aspects of their ethnicity and traditional Chakavian speech, from the more numerous Shtokavian-speaking immigrants from the rural Zagora hinterland, referred to as the Vlaji (a term that sometimes carries negative connotations). It was included directly in the French Empire in 1806. Soon after Hajduk became the official football club of the Partisan movement. Its hinterland, however, was now home to the Duchy of the Croats. Former WWE wrestler and WWE Hall of Fame member Josip Peruzović, better known as Nikolai Volkoff, was born in Split. The Italian General Becuzzi handed over to the Partisans 11 soldiers which they considered as "war criminals;[citation needed] the Partisans also executed up to 41 members of the Italian Police forces, later found in mass graves.[38][relevant? The city also became the largest passenger and military port in Yugoslavia, housing the headquarters of the Yugoslav Navy (Jugoslavenska ratna mornarica, JRM) and the Army's Coastal Military District (equivalent of a field army). [43], The settlements included in the administrative area of the City are:[3], The wider urban area of Split has 293,298 inhabitants, while there are 346,314 people in the Split metropolitan area. Pula (Croatian pronunciation: (); Italian: Pola, Istriot: Puola, Slovene: Pulj) is the largest city in Istria County, Croatia and the eighth largest city in the country, situated at the southern tip of the Istrian peninsula, with a population of 57,460 in 2011.It is known for its multitude of ancient Roman buildings, the most famous of which is the Pula Arena, one of the best preserved Roman amphitheaters.The city … The gallery was founded in 1931, and has a permanent exhibition of paintings and sculptures that includes works by major Croatian artists such as Vlaho Bukovac, Mato Celestin Medović, Branislav Dešković, Ivan Meštrović, Emanuel Vidović and Ignjat Job. Acting on the pretext, the Republic took over in the city by the year 1420. The cost of the arena was evenly divided between the city and the government. Although Split formally became part of the Independent State of Croatia, the Ustaše were not able to establish and strengthen their rule in Split, as Italians assumed all power in Dalmatia. Croatia's second-largest city, Split (Spalato in Italian) is a great place to see Dalmatian life as it’s really lived. La Croatie, en forme longue la république de Croatie, en croate : Hrvatska et Republika Hrvatska écouter, est un pays d'Europe centrale et du Sud, indépendant depuis 1991 lors de la dislocation violente de la Yougoslavie.Il s'étend depuis les confins de l'extrémité orientale des Alpes au nord-ouest et depuis les plaines pannoniennes au nord-est, jusqu'au littoral de la mer Adriatique au sud-sud-ouest, en passant … Active from 2008, they are currently still developing and the main focus is on a flag football team. Also well known is Ivo Tijardović, and his famous operetta "Little Floramye" (Mala Floramye). The land area is 4540 km 2. Srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Trogir je grad u Splitsko-dalmatinskoj županiji u Hrvatskoj. Its population was 178,102 in 2011. The Salonitans regained the land under Severus the Great in 650 and settled the 300-year-old Palace of Diocletian, which could not be effectively besieged by the Slavic tribes of the mainland. [23] The city's autonomy was greatly reduced: the highest authority was a prince and captain (conte e capitanio), assigned by Venice. 0.7 km from Split. Split se place au deuxième rang des villes les plus peuplées de Croatie et est le siège du comitat de Split-Dalmatie. The city was founded as the Greek colony of Aspálathos (Aσπάλαθος) in the 3rd or 2nd century BC on the coast of the Illyrian Dalmatae, and later on was home to Diocletian's Palace, built for the Roman emperor in AD 305. Today, the city's economy relies mostly on trade and tourism with some old industries undergoing partial revival, such as food (fishing, olive, wine production), paper, concrete and chemicals. The largest football stadium is the Poljud Stadium (HNK Hajduk's ground), with around 35,000 capacity (55,000 prior to the renovation to an all-seater). The source material here is from Mladen Cukrov's book "There's no ball like baseball" (Nima baluna do Baseball) and from the writer's experience as an assistant coach of the team for several years. It was a colony of the polis of Issa, the modern-day town of Vis, itself a colony of the Sicilian city of Syracuse. There are 24 primary schools and 23 secondary schools including 11 grammar schools. Solin (Latin and Italian: Salona; Ancient Greek: Σαλώνα Salóna) is a town in Dalmatia, Croatia.It is situated right northeast of Split, on the Adriatic Sea and the river Jadro.. Solin developed on the location of ancient city of Salona which was the capital of the Roman province of Dalmatia and the birthplace of Emperor Diocletian.After the arrival of Avars and Croats in the 7th-century, the town was destroyed, and its … In July 2017 Croatian firefighters battled to control a forest fire along the Adriatic coast that damaged and destroyed buildings in villages around the city of Split. [24], Split eventually developed into a significant port-city, with important trade routes to the Ottoman-held interior through the nearby Klis pass. [13] [28][29] It has hot, moderately dry summers and mild, wet winters, which can occasionally feel cold, because of the strong northern wind bura. This turned out to be a definitive conquest, as Venetian rule was not to return to Split for another 186 years. Split-Dalmatia County (Croatian: Splitsko-dalmatinska županija [splîtsko-dalmǎtiːnskaː ʒupǎnija]) is the central-southern Dalmatian county in Croatia. The local football clubs refused to compete in the Italian championship; HNK Hajduk and RNK Split suspended their activities and both joined the Partisans along with their entire staff after the Italian capitulation provided the opportunity. Antonio Bajamonti became Mayor of Split in 1860 and – except for a brief interruption during the period 1864–65 – held the post for over two decades until 1880. Split was to pay no tribute, it was to choose its own count and archbishop whom the king would confirm, it preserved its old Roman laws, and appointed its own judge. Ezt követően Kálmán ünnepélyes bevonulást (adventus) tartott Splitben, amelyekhez hasonlóra került sor más dalmáciai városokban az 1105. évi hadjárat során. The city became the economic centre of an area exceeding the borders of Croatia and was flooded by waves of rural migrants from the undeveloped hinterland who found employment in the newly established industry, as part of large-scale industrialization and investment by the Yugoslav Federal Government. It has services to national and some European destinations year-round and sees lots of additional seasonal connections in the summer. In May 2009, the gallery opened its new premises in the old Split Hospital building behind Diocletian's Palace. The University of Split (Croatian: Sveučilište u Splitu) was founded in 1974. Average annual rainfall is more than 820 mm (32.28 in). However, the city did produce several famous actors, most notably Boris Dvornik. In the late 19th century, the Croatian name increasingly came to prominence, and officially replaced Spalato in the Kingdom of Yugoslavia after World War I. After World War II, Split became a part of the Socialist Republic of Croatia, itself a constituent sovereign republic of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. The Roman Emperor Diocletian (ruled AD 284 to 305) in 293 began the construction of an opulent and heavily fortified palace fronting the sea, near his home town of Salona, selecting the site of Spálathos (or Spalatum in Latin). In 1805, the Peace of Pressburg added it to the Napoleonic Kingdom of Italy and in 1806 it was included in the French Empire, becoming part of the Illyrian Provinces in 1809. The theory is dubious as it is Spanish broom (Spartium junceum, brnistra or žuka in Croatian) that is a very frequent plant in the area. [citation needed] In the Yugoslav era, however, the city had been a highly significant economic centre with a modern and diverse industrial and economic base, including shipbuilding, food, chemical, plastics, textile, and paper industry, in addition to large revenues from tourism. [42], Although the inhabitants of Split (Splićani) may appear to be a homogeneous body, they traditionally belong to three groups. Three general locations were bombarded: the old city center, the city airport and an uninhabited part of the hills above Kaštela, between the airport and Split. In addition to the Zagreb-Split freeway (A1), the traffic along the Adriatic coast on the Adriatic Highway from Rijeka to Dubrovnik flows through the city. Having won a decisive victory against Kingdom of Croatia and Hungary in 1167 at the Battle of Sirmium, consolidating his gains, the Emperor suddenly broke with Venice as well, and sent a fleet of 150 ships to the Adriatic. Blessed with a coastal location alongside the Adriatic Sea, Croatia attracts visitors from Europe and the world looking for sun-kissed beaches and historic cities. Upon Michele's return in 1127, however, the Doge yet again expelled the Hungarians from the two cities and utterly destroyed Biograd, the favored seat of the Croatian Kings that the Hungarians were attempting to establish as a rival to the Venetian Zadar.[13]. The city was originally built around the Diocletian palace (a palace/fort built for the retired Roman emperor Diocletian) where the locals sought refuge centuries ago. The latter joined the Fetivi and Boduli as a third group in the decades since World War II, thronging the high-rise suburbs that stretch away from the centre. Many large development projects are revived, and new infrastructure is being built. Split is situated on a peninsula between the eastern part of the Gulf of Kaštela and the Split Channel. Split was to remain in Byzantine hands until Manuel's death in 1180, when Béla III of Hungary moved to restore Hungarian power in Dalmatia. The Lika railway, connecting Split to the rest of the country, was completed in 1925. In that period, however, Split was to see one brief (and final) restoration of Imperial power in Dalmatia. [50], The Croatian Maritime Museum (Croatian: Hrvatski pomorski muzej) at Glagoljaška 18 – Tvrđava Gripe has a collection of marine equipment and supplies, weapons and navigation equipment, medals, ship models, uniforms and equipment, and related artwork. The city remained loyal to the Empire, resisting the re-establishment of Hungarian rule, and consequently, upon its inevitable submission, was punished with the King's refusal to renew its ancient privileges. In February 2012, Split received unusually large amount of snow which caused major problems with traffic. The gallery building and grounds were based on original plans by Meštrović himself, and included living and working areas, as well as exhibition spaces. Although the sport began semi-officially in December 1918 when a group of US sailors from a ship in port introduced the game to some young Croats, it wasn't until 1972 when a pair of teachers at a local school formed the Salona Baseball Club, named after the ancient Roman city of Salona. The historic city of Trogir is situated on a small island between the Croatian mainland and the island of Čiovo. The 1990s economic recession soon followed. Despite colorful settings and characters, as well as a cinema tradition that could be traced to early 20th-century works of Josip Karaman, there were relatively few films shot in or around Split. Dues from trade (which were substantial in the period), were divided between the count, the archbishop, and the king, and no foreigner was to live within the walls of the city against the will of the citizens. An intraregional transport hub and popular tourist destination, the city is linked to the Adriatic islands and the Apennine peninsula. The population of the county is 455,242 (2011). There is a tradition of playing picigin in Split on New Year's Day, regardless of the weather conditions, in spite of the sea temperature rarely exceeding 10 °C (50 °F). 1950. The Greek settlement lived off trade with the surrounding Illyrian tribes, mostly the Delmatae. Although the beginnings of Split are traditionally associated with the construction of Diocletian's Palace in 305, the city was founded several centuries earlier as the Greek colony of Aspálathos, or Spálathos. The city constructed a new sporting arena for the event, the Spaladium Arena. [3] Step inside Diocletian’s Palace (a Unesco World Heritage Site and one of the world’s most impressive Roman monuments) and you’ll see dozens of bars, restaurants and shops thriving amid the … It consists of one line serving seven stations, running from Split centre to Kaštel Stari. English: Split is the second-largest city in Croatia and the seat of Split-Dalmatia County. Usage on en.wikipedia.org COVID-19 pandemic in Croatia; Usage on hr.wikipedia.org Pandemija koronavirusa u Hrvatskoj 2020. The Croatian term became Split or Spljet, while the Italian-language version, Spalato, became universal in international usage by the Early Modern Period. One of the most recognisable aspects of Split culture is popular music. [citation needed] In 1981 Split's GDP per capita was 37% above the Yugoslav average. Split's economy is still suffering the backlash from the recession caused by the transfer to a market economy and privatization. Sleeps 3 • 1 bedroom • 1 bathroom. The Archaeological Museum (Arheološki muzej) main collection is housed at Zrinsko-Frankopanska 25 in Split. Split (tal. [citation needed], In 1797 Split was ceded to the Habsburg Monarchy by the Treaty of Campo Formio, ending 377 years of Venetian rule in the city. The entire route was opened in July 2005. Ethnically, Croats make up 96.23% of the population,[42] and 86.15% of the residents of the city are Roman Catholics. Spalatum) je mesto v Chorvátsku, v oblasti Dalmácia. Members of the local rowing club HVK Gusar won numerous Olympic and World Championship medals. The first actual game played in Split was on 9 September 1978 between Split (the new team moved here and was called Nada) and Jezice from Ljubljana–a 20-1 romp for the locals! After the revolutions of 1848 as a result of the romantic nationalism, two factions appeared. Split is an important transport center for Dalmatia and the wider region. In addition to playing other Croatian teams, inter-league games are played and the team travels to Belgrade and other cities to play. David Luscombe, Jonathan Riley-Smith: The New Cambridge Medieval History IV, c.1024 – c.1198 part II, p. 272, Nikola Anić: Povijest Osmog dalmatinskog korpusa Narodnooslobodilačke vojske Hrvatske : 1943.-1945., p. 12, a series of incidents between 1918 and 1920, Learn how and when to remove this template message, Croatian Meteorological and Hydrological Service, Museum of Croatian Archaeological Monuments, List of twin towns and sister cities in Croatia, "Odluka o donošenju Prostornog plana uređenja Grada Splita", "Population by Age and Sex, by Settlements, 2011 Census: Split", "WHKMLA : History of the Illyrian Provinces, 1797–1815", "Mjesečne vrijednosti za Križevci u razdoblju1948−2016", "Population by Ethnicity, by Towns/Municipalities, 2011 Census: County of Split-Dalmatia", "Population by Religion, by Towns/Municipalities, 2011 Census: County of Split-Dalmatia", "Cabinet And Split Participate in Financing Hall", "Trondheim – the official website – Vennskapsbyer", Venetian Works of Defence between 15th and 17th centuries, Ancient and Primeval Beech Forests of the Carpathians and Other Regions of Europe, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Split,_Croatia&oldid=995082313, Mediterranean port cities and towns in Croatia, Populated places established in the 3rd century BC, Populated places in Split-Dalmatia County, Port cities and towns of the Adriatic Sea, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing Croatian-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from January 2013, Pages using infobox settlement with possible demonym list, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2013, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2018, All articles that may have off-topic sections, Wikipedia articles that may have off-topic sections from June 2018, Articles needing additional references from November 2014, All articles needing additional references, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2014, Articles needing additional references from December 2016, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2011, Articles needing additional references from March 2017, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from March 2017, Articles with Croatian-language sources (hr), Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 19 December 2020, at 03:20. This list of castles in Croatia includes castles, remains (ruins) of castles and other fortifications like fortresses which used to be a castles at some point in history. Usage on sq.wikipedia.org Pandemia e COVID-19 në Kroaci; Usage on www.wikidata.org Q87250732; Metadata. The team's main rival is Zagreb and there are teams from half a dozen other cities around the country. [26], Split became part of the Napoleonic Kingdom of Italy in 1805, after the defeat of the Third Coalition at the Battle of Austerlitz and the consequent Treaty of Pressburg. The Palace was built as a massive structure, much like a Roman military fortress. le musée de la ville de Split, Muzej grada ; La dernière modification de cette page a été faite le 13 mai 2020 à 03:39. Residents of Split prefer to call their city as "The sportiest city in the world". Sportsmen are traditionally held in high regard in Split, and the city is famous for producing many champions. In September 1943, following the capitulation of Italy,[34] the city was temporarily controlled by Tito's brigades with thousands of people volunteering to join the Partisans of Marshal Josip Broz Tito (a third of the total population, according to some sources). Several have pro experience and the new coach of the national team was a former major league pitcher with the LA Dodgers! [13] This file contains additional information such as Exif metadata which may have been added by the digital camera, scanner, or software program used to … At first, the Unionists and Autonomists were allied against the centralism of Vienna. Worshipers were beaten as they left the synagogue and Jewish-owned shops were targeted the following day. Winter is the wettest season; however, it can rain in Split at any time of the year. In World War II, the city was annexed by Italy, then liberated by the Partisans after the Italian capitulation in 1943. Split (/ˈsplɪt/, as the English word split;[5][6] Croatian pronunciation: [splît] (listen); see other names) is Croatia's second-largest city and the largest city in the Dalmatia region. JRM Sailors who had refused to attack Croat civilians, most of them Croats themselves, were left in the vessel's brig. More Split Picks. Some 150,000 artifacts cover prehistoric times, the period of Greek colonization of the Adriatic, Roman Provincial and Early Christian era to the early Middle Ages and the period of Croatian popular rulers). [14] The rise of the rival Bishopric of Nin, headed by Bishop Gregory, which attempted to institute the "Slavonic" or "Slavic language" as the language of religious service, led to the 925 Synod of Split, at which it was decreed that "no one should presume to celebrate the divine mysteries in the Slavonic language, but only in Latin and Greek, and that no one of that tongue should be advanced to the holy orders".

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