Most of the southeast portion of the country is in the Sahara Desert and as such is generally sparsely populated and unproductive economically. [103][104], Casablanca is the major cruise port in Morocco, and has the best developed market for tourists in Morocco, Marrakech in central Morocco is a popular tourist destination, but is more popular among tourists for one- and two-day excursions that provide a taste of Morocco's history and culture. Since air services between Morocco and Algeria have been established, many Algerians have gone to Morocco to shop and visit family and friends. [58] Morocco claims that the Western Sahara is part of its territory and refers to that as its Southern Provinces. [150] In 2008, Frédéric Deroche estimated that there were 12 million Berber speakers, making up about 40% of the population. The Alaouite dynasty, which rules to this day, seized power in 1631. Morocco is a developing country that has made many strides to improve these categories. Most Europeans visit between April and August. In 1952, Orson Welles' Othello won the Palme d'Or at the Cannes Film Festival under the Moroccan flag. It was bought by the fashion designer Yves Saint-Laurent and Pierre Bergé in 1980. On 6 November 1975, King Hassan asked for volunteers to cross into the Spanish Sahara. The Barbary macaque, a primate endemic to Morocco and Algeria, is also facing extinction due to offtake for trade[67] human interruption, urbanisation, wood and real estate expansion that diminish forested area – the macaque's habitat. This was followed in 1982 with the first national festival of cinema, which was held in Rabat. Through Moroccan history, it has hosted many people coming from East (Phoenicians, Jews and Arabs), South (Sub-Saharan Africans) and North (Romans, Andalusians). Thus Morocco has the following climate zones: South of Agadir and east of Jerada near the Algerian borders, arid and desert climate starts to prevail. It is bordered by Spain to the north (a water border through the Strait and land borders with three small Spanish-controlled exclaves, Ceuta, Melilla, and Peñón de Vélez de la Gomera), Algeria to the east, and Western Sahara to the south. Government repression of political dissent was widespread during Hassan II's leadership, until it dropped sharply in the mid-1990s. Selon les dernières statistiques, le PIB du Maroc en 2018 est de 120 milliards de dollars [26].Sur le plan économique Africain, le Maroc se classe 5 e puissance économique derrière l'Afrique Du Sud, le Nigeria, l'Égypte et l'Algérie.. L'économie marocaine évolue sur un rythme de croissance rapide. He convinced the Awraba Berber tribes to break their allegiance to the distant Abbasid caliphs in Baghdad and he founded the Idrisid dynasty in 788. [59], Morocco is represented in the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 geographical encoding standard by the symbol MA. Most of the population lives to the north of these mountains, while to the south lies the Western Sahara, a former Spanish colony that was annexed by Morocco in 1975 (see Green March). Water supply and sanitation in Morocco is provided by a wide array of utilities. [168] These mostly rural regions are marked by numerous kasbahs (fortresses) and ksour (fortified villages) shaped by local geography and social structures, of which one of the most famous is Ait Benhaddou. Since 1993, the country has followed a policy of privatisation of certain economic sectors which used to be in the hands of the government. Most of the visitors to Morocco continue to be European, with French nationals making up almost 20% of all visitors. Spectator sports in Morocco traditionally centered on the art of horsemanship until European sports—football, polo, swimming, and tennis—were introduced at the end of the 19th century. The Roman Empire lost its remaining possessions in Mauretania after the area was devastated by the Vandals in AD 429. Low-cost airlines offer cheap flights to the country. It was founded by Salih I ibn Mansur in 710, as a client state to the Umayyad Caliphate. Approximately 89.8% of the whole population can communicate to some degree in Moroccan Arabic. Most foreign resident Christians reside in the Casablanca, Tangier, and Rabat urban areas. Lamb is also consumed, but as Northwest African sheep breeds store most of their fat in their tails, Moroccan lamb does not have the pungent flavour that Western lamb and mutton have. In Turkish, Morocco is known as Fas, a name derived from its ancient capital of Fes. It is a base for tours to the Atlas Mountains. For 2012 the World Bank forecast a rate of 4% growth for Morocco and 4.2% for following year, 2013.[100]. The idea is to create a network of players in innovation, including researchers, entrepreneurs, students and academics, to help them develop innovative projects. This gives Morocco the best infrastructure rankings in the African continent. This architectural heritage ranges from ancient Roman and Berber (Amazigh) sites to 20th-century colonial and modern architecture. In the 15th century, the Reconquista ended Muslim rule in Iberia and many Muslims and Jews fled to Morocco.[39]. Various local Christian leaders estimate that between 2005 and 2010 there are 5,000 citizen converted Christians (mostly ethnically Berber) who regularly attend "house" churches and live predominantly in the south. [73] This has improved since, however, and in 2017, Morocco was upgraded to being a "hybrid regime" according to the Democracy Index in 2017[citation needed] and the Freedom of the Press report in 2017 found that Morocco was "partly free".[74]. The country's strategic location near the mouth of the Mediterranean attracted the interest of Europe, and in 1912, Morocco was divided into French and Spanish protectorates, with an international zone in Tangier. Cinema in Morocco has a long history, stretching back over a century to the filming of Le chevrier Marocain ("The Moroccan Goatherd") by Louis Lumière in 1897. Poultry is also very common, and the use of seafood is increasing in Moroccan food. From the total foreign investments in Morocco, the European Union invests approximately 73.5%, whereas, the Arab world invests only 19.3%. Details on flights scheduled exceptionally from July 15, click here . As a coastal country with hot and arid climates, environmental impacts are likely to be wide and varied. Bois - meubles - ameublement. [94][95] Violence against women and sexual harassment have been criminalized. „En un coup d'oeil“ Cherchez et trouvez le contact dont vous avez besoin dans ces 450 annuaires en ligne: Annuaires téléphoniques, Annuaires par branches, Pages Jaunes, Pages Blanches, Annuaires d'adresses eMail, Annuaires de frafricants et distributeurs. [175] The first was the generation that lived and wrote during the Protectorate (1912–56), its most important representative being Mohammed Ben Brahim (1897–1955). La branche chimique et parachimique est placée en première position en termes dinvestissements engagés dans le secteur industriel durant la période 1985-2014 avec une part de 33%, et augure ainsi des perspectives de croissance import Trouvez plus de 270.000 annonces Emploi au Maroc, dont 70.000 Offres emploi wadifa / recrutement et embauche toutes villes marocaines sur Morocco also claims the exclaves of Ceuta, Melilla and Peñón de Vélez de la Gomera, all of them under Spanish jurisdiction, as well as several small Spanish-controlled islands off its coast. [83] The Security Council has called upon the parties to enter into direct and unconditional negotiations to reach a mutually accepted political solution. [133] Morocco's once prominent Jewish minority has decreased significantly since its peak of 265,000 in 1948, declining to around 2,500 today. Also, the region extends from the Mediterranean in the south, home of the Wergha River, to the north. Moroccan culture is a blend of Berber, Arab, Sephardi Jews, West African and European influences. Bouleversement dans le paysage des télécommunications au Maroc. The Spanish enclave of Ifni in the south was returned to Morocco in 1969. [192] The Moroccan Plan was started by the Moroccan Minister of Health, Dr. El Houssaine Louardi, and Dr. Ala Alwan, WHO Regional Director for the Eastern Mediterranean Region, on 13 November 2013 in Rabat. [129] A sizeable portion of the population is identified as Haratin and Gnawa (or Gnaoua), West African or mixed race descendants of slaves, and Moriscos, European Muslims expelled from Spain and Portugal in the 17th century. Paiement direct au chauffeur le jour de départ. Those writers were an important influence the many Moroccan novelists, poets and playwrights that were still to come. Mitochondrial DNA studies have discovered a close link between Berbers and the Saami of Scandinavia. Forested areas cover about 12% of the country while arable land accounts for 18%. The Muslim conquest of the Maghreb, which started in the middle of the 7th century, was achieved by the Umayyad Caliphate early into the following century. (Selectionnez un secteur pour afficher les entreprises qui y figurent parmi les 1000) Agriculture - horticulture - elevage - pÊche. The Moroccan government has launched a project to build a solar thermal energy power plant[115] and is also looking into the use of natural gas as a potential source of revenue for Morocco's government. Morocco was the only African state not to be a member of the African Union due to its unilateral withdrawal on 12 November 1984 over the admission of the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic in 1982 by the African Union (then called Organisation of African Unity) as a full member without the organisation of a referendum of self-determination in the disputed territory of Western Sahara. Text taken from UNESCO Science Report: towards 2030, 431–467, UNESCO, UNESCO Publishing. The sovereign state is a unitary Semi-constitutional monarchy with an elected parliament. L’organisation judiciaire au Maroc 1.4. Tea occupies a very important place in the culture of Morocco and is considered an art form. dÉmographie: les marocains rÉsidant À l’Étranger : analyse des rÉsultats de l’enquÊte de 2005 sur l’insertion socio-Économique dans les pays d’accueil; dÉmographie: population et dÉveloppement au maroc; dÉmographie: population infantile au maroc : caractÉristiques socio-dÉmographiques et protection de l'enfance. According to Ethnologue, as of 2016, there are 1,536,590 individuals (or approximately 4.5% of the population) in Morocco who speak Spanish. Recognition by the United Kingdom of France's sphere of influence provoked a strong reaction from the German Empire; and a crisis loomed in 1905. The Parliament's powers, though still relatively limited, were expanded under the 1992 and 1996 and even further in the 2011 constitutional revisions and include budgetary matters, approving bills, questioning ministers, and establishing ad hoc commissions of inquiry to investigate the government's actions. (2012-02-09)", "Morocco sets the goal of attracting 20 million tourists by 2020", "Yves Saint Laurent's Ashes Scattered In Marrakesh",,, "Tanger Med Port Authority – Containers Activity", "Morocco – electricity production from coal sources", "Natural Gas to Fuel Morocco. The Rif mountains stretch over the region bordering the Mediterranean from the north-west to the north-east. The following year, Spanish King Juan Carlos I visited Ceuta and Melilla, further angering Morocco which demanded control of the enclaves. Morocco participated in the 1980 Eurovision Song Contest, where it finished in the penultimate position. It is served to guests, and it is impolite to refuse it. Moroccan and Algerian troops soon clashed in Western Sahara. The Almohad Caliph Abu Yakub had a great love for collecting books. Far from being isolated from other historical artistic currents around them, the Berbers of Morocco (and across North Africa) adapted the forms and ideas of Islamic architecture to their own conditions and in turn contributed to the formation of Western Islamic art, particularly during their political domination of the region over the centuries of Almoravid, Almohad, and Marinid rule.[167][168]. The Almohad built the Kutubiyya Mosque in Marrakesh, which accommodated no fewer than 25,000 people, but was also famed for its books, manuscripts, libraries and book shops, which gave it its name; the first book bazaar in history. Morocco was the first nation to recognise the fledgling United States as an independent nation in 1777. Banque Centrale Populaire is a major bank in Morocco.. [54] A month later, Spain agreed to leave the Spanish Sahara, soon to become Western Sahara, and to transfer it to joint Moroccan-Mauritanian control, despite the objections and threats of military intervention by Algeria. Béguin Hubert. [194] In 2016 the life expectancy at birth was 74.3, or 73.3 for men and 75.4 for women, and there were 6.3 physicians and 8.9 nurses and midwives per 10,000 inhabitants. [28] Twenty-two thousand years ago, the Aterian was succeeded by the Iberomaurusian culture, which shared similarities with Iberian cultures. In July 2011, the King won a landslide victory in a referendum on a reformed constitution he had proposed to placate the Arab Spring protests. During the 1950s and 1960s, Morocco was a refuge and artistic centre and attracted writers as Paul Bowles, Tennessee Williams and William S. Burroughs. The Western Sahara War saw the Polisario Front, the Sahrawi rebel national liberation movement, battling both Morocco and Mauritania between 1976 and a ceasefire in 1991 that is still in effect. Morocco's capital city is Rabat; its largest city is its main port, Casablanca. However, Morocco still has many health issues to improve on. Morocco has an excellent road and rail infrastructure that links the major cities and tourist destinations with ports and cities with international airports. Although the latter is a soup, it is considered as a dish in itself and is served as such or with dates especially during the month of Ramadan. Child health, maternal health, and diseases are all components of health and well-being. [192] Morocco has made significant progress in reducing deaths among both children and mothers. According to the 2004 census, 2.19 million Moroccans spoke a foreign language other than French. Of these foreign-born residents, most were of French origin, followed by individuals mainly from various nations in West Africa and Algeria. Développé par les analystes de données de Knoema pour livrer des indicateurs et des prévisions à court et à long terme à partir de sources fiables pour chaque secteur couvert. [86], During the early 1960s to the late 1980s, under the leadership of Hassan II, Morocco had one of the worst human rights record in both Africa and the world. The Idrissids were ousted in 927 by the Fatimid Caliphate and their Miknasa allies. [60] This code was used as the basis for Morocco's internet domain, .ma.[60]. [189] In data from the World Bank, Morocco experiences high infant mortality rates at 20 deaths per 1,000 births (2017)[190] and high maternal mortality rates at 121 deaths per 100,000 births (2015).[191]. It was inaugurated in 2018 by the King following over a decade of planning and construction by Moroccan national railway company ONCF. Among the most famous Moroccan dishes are Couscous, Pastilla (also spelled Bsteeya or Bestilla), Tajine, Tanjia and Harira. Un investissement de. and two other cities,[clarification needed] to public municipal utilities in 13 other cities, as well as a national electricity and water company (ONEE). [citation needed] The Moroccan-Dutch Badr Hari, heavyweight kickboxer and martial artist, is a former K-1 heavyweight champion and K-1 World Grand Prix 2008 and 2009 finalist. A truth commission set up in 2005 to investigate human rights abuses during his reign confirmed nearly 10,000 cases, ranging from death in detention to forced exile. Accueil: Publications: Conférences: RGPH … Their presence in the city helped to boost the city's profile as a tourist destination. The Complete Book of Rugby (Seven Oaks Ltd, 1997, Franco-Cantabrian refuge area of southwestern Europe, Mediterranean acacia-argania dry woodlands and succulent thickets, opposition assumed power following an election, dispute with Spain in 2002 over the small island of Perejil, Royal Advisory Council for Saharan Affairs, expected to be severely impacted by climate change, l'Institut National des Postes et Télécommunication (INPT), "Constitution of the Kingdom of Morocco, I-1", "Morocco Population, 1960-2019 -", "Report for Selected Countries and Subjects", "The Transformation of the Union for the Mediterranean", Oldest Homo sapiens fossil claim rewrites our species' history, "Saami and Berbers—An Unexpected Mitochondrial DNA Link", "The Maghrib under the Almoravids and the Almohads", "Joint Statement by the United States of America and the Kingdom of Morocco", "Milestones of American Diplomacy, Interesting Historical Notes, and Department of State History", "The French Conquest Of Morocco: The Real Meaning Of The International Trouble", Morocco tackles painful role in Spain's past, Morocco: Date of the abolishment of slavery in Morocco; whether descendants of ex-slaves are singled out in any way; and fate of the Palace household and grounds staff when King Mohamed V was in exile, "POPULATION LÉGALE DES RÉGIONS, PROVINCES, PRÉFECTURES, MUNICIPALITÉS, ARRONDISSEMENTS ET COMMUNES DU ROYAUME D'APRÈS LES RÉSULTATS DU RGPH 2014", "English country names and code elements", "MOROCCO: Ranked second worldwide in climate change control", Crocodiles in the Sahara Desert: An Update of Distribution, Habitats and Population Status for Conservation Planning in Mauritania, "Barbary macaques exploited as photo-props in Marrakesh's punishment square", "Potential benefits of impending Moroccan wildlife trade laws, a case study in carnivore skins", "Open, Unregulated Trade in Wildlife in Morocco's Markets", "Conservation in an ever-globalizing world: wildlife trade in, from, and through Morocco, a gateway to Europe", King declares Morocco a constitutional monarchy, "Encyclopedia of the Nations: Morocco Foreign Policy", "GCC Countries Invest Heavily in Morocco", "Morocco to rejoin African Union despite Western Sahara dispute", "06RABAT557, SPANISH AMBASSADOR ON WESTERN SAHARA, MIGRATION", "Report of the Secretary-General on the situation concerning Western Sahara", International Center for Transitional Justice, "Morocco's Truth Commission: Honoring Past Victims during an Uncertain Present: V. Constraints on the ERC", "afrol News – Western Sahara activists released, re-arrested in riots", "Morocco/Western Sahara: Sahrawi human rights defender on trial", "Refworld | Morocco: The treatment of homosexuals, including protection offered by the state and the attitude of the population", "Laws on Homosexuality in African Nations", "Une famille française arrêtée pour prosélytisme à Marrakech", "Morocco criminalises violence against women and sexual harassment", "Moroccans trapped in Spain for 2 months due to coronavirus head home at last", Morocco major economic player in Africa, researcher, "IMF Gives Morocco Positive Review. It regained its independence in 1956, and has since remained comparatively stable and prosperous by regional standards, with the fifth largest economy in Africa.[17]. In 1904, France and Spain carved out zones of influence in Morocco. [147][148] The country's distinctive group of Moroccan Arabic dialects is referred to as Darija. He presides over the Council of Ministers; appoints the Prime Minister from the political party that has won the most seats in the parliamentary elections, and on recommendations from the latter, appoints the members of the government. Despite the reforms made by Mohammed VI, demonstrators continued to call for deeper reforms. With the 2011 constitutional reforms, the King of Morocco retains less executive powers whereas those of the prime minister have been enlarged.[75][76]. The second reform created a fund to cover services for the poor. This population is mostly elderly, with a decreasing number of young people. En guise s’exemple, les agences de voyage estiment en moyenne que leur CA 2020 devraient baisser de 54%. [132] Also prior to independence, Morocco was home to 250,000 Spaniards. [138] Despite Moroccans being affiliated with Islam, almost 15% nonetheless describe themselves as non-religious according to a 2019 survey conducted for the BBC by the research network Arab Barometer. P. Billau, Estimation des dangers de déchets biomédicaux pour la santé et l’environnement au bénin en vue de leur gestion, Maitrise en sciences environnementales Sherbrooke, Québec, Canada, Août 2008 A dispute with Spain in 2002 over the small island of Perejil revived the issue of the sovereignty of Melilla and Ceuta. Les anticipations avancées par les chefs d'entreprises du secteur de la Construction, pour le 4ème trimestre 2020, font ressortir, globalement, une légère diminution de l'activité, selon le Haut-Commissariat au … Morocco and Mauritania divided up Western Sahara. Part of the territory, the Free Zone, is a mostly uninhabited area that the Polisario Front controls as the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic. Bakeries are very common throughout Morocco and fresh bread is a staple in every city, town and village. In 1944, the Moroccan Cinematographic Center (CCM), the nation's film regulatory agency, was established. The name also can refer to evening. Septembre 2019. A big part of the daily meal is bread. Emperor Claudius annexed Mauretania directly as a Roman province in 44 AD, under an imperial governor (either a procurator Augusti, or a legatus Augusti pro praetore). [122], In 2012, the Hassan II Academy of Science and Technology identified a number of sectors where Morocco has a comparative advantage and skilled human capital, including mining, fisheries, food chemistry and new technologies.

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